Conditions Treated for Back Pain

Back pain arises from disease or injury to the Disc, muscles, bones, joints or nerves of the spine. Vertebral discs are the spinal column’s shock absorbers. The discs cushion the vertebral bones and allow the spine to twist and bend. Vertebral discs are composed of two main parts, a soft inner nucleus (nucleus pulposus) and a tough, fibrous outer wall (annulus fibrosis).

Back Pain Treatment Options
Back Degenerative Disc Disease

Back Pain's Common Causes

Disc Degeneration

Vertebral discs can be damaged by the normal wear of aging or by traumatic injury. Problems often begin when fibers in the outer wall crack and weaken. Radial tears form in and around sensitive nerve fibers in the disc wall.

Back Disc Prolapse

Back Disc Prolapse

The disc’s soft nucleus pushes through to the outer edge of the disc wall. This causes local back pain at the disc level.

Back Sciatica & Brachialgia

As the herniation pushes out of the disc wall, disc material may press against the large nerve roots. This can result in pain radiating down one or both limbs.


Damage to bones or joints causes vertebrae to slip forward and distort the spinal cord. Nerve roots may become pinched, causing pain to radiate to the legs and feet.

Spinal Stenosis

Spinal stenosis results from new bone and soft tissue growth on the vertebrae, which reduces the space in the spinal canal. When the nerve roots are pinched, a painful burning, tingling and/or numbing sensation is felt from the lower back down to the legs

Facet Joint Arthropathy – Facet Joint Syndrome

Facet joint syndrome occurs when the facet joints become stressed and damaged. This damage can occur from everyday wear and tear, injury to the back or neck or because of degeneration of an intervertebral disc, causing pain in the back

Sacro Iliac Joint Arthropathy

This occurs due to wear and tear in old age, also due to inflammatory pathology in young people.


  • Careful medical history
  • Clinical examination
  • Investigations like X-rays, MRI or CT Scan of spine
  • Diagnostic blocks under fluoroscopy

Back Pain Treatment

  • Epidural injection, Spinal Nerve root & Spinal joints injections
  • Prolo-Ozone Nucleolysis
  • Radiofrequency ablation

Get Treatment for Back Pain

Non-Surgical interventional procedures available in APMC